SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
|☒||ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
| ||For the fiscal year ended|
December 27, 2020
|☐||TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
| ||For the transition period from ______ to ______|
Commission File Number: 001-35625
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)||(I.R.S. Employer|
2202 North West Shore Boulevard, Suite 500, Tampa, FL 33607
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
$0.01 par value
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer ☒ Accelerated Filer ☐ Non-accelerated Filer ☐
Smaller Reporting Company ☐ Emerging Growth Company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No ☒
The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates (based on the closing price on the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter as reported on the Nasdaq Global Select Market) was $754.9 million.
As of February 19, 2021, 88,220,284 shares of common stock of the registrant were outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for its 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III, Items 10-14 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
INDEX TO ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
For Fiscal Year 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
This Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Report”) includes statements that express our opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results and therefore are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “believes,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “feels,” “seeks,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could” or “would” or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology, although not all forward-looking statements are accompanied by such terms. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They appear in a number of places throughout this Report and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the industry in which we operate.
By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. Although we base these forward-looking statements on assumptions that we believe are reasonable when made, we caution you that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and industry developments may differ materially from statements made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this Report. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and industry developments are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from statements made or suggested by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Report and the following:
(i)Consumer reactions to public health and food safety issues;
(ii)The severity, extent and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, its impacts on our business and results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, including any adverse impact on our stock price and on the other factors listed below, and the responses of domestic and foreign federal, state and local governments to the pandemic;
(iii)Minimum wage increases and additional mandated employee benefits;
(iv)Our ability to compete in the highly competitive restaurant industry with many well-established competitors and new market entrants;
(v)Economic conditions and their effects on consumer confidence and discretionary spending, consumer traffic, the cost and availability of credit and interest rates;
(vi)Our ability to recruit and retain high-quality leadership, restaurant-level management and team members;
(vii)Our ability to preserve and grow the reputation and value of our brands, particularly in light of changes in consumer engagement with social media platforms and limited control with respect to the operations of our franchisees;
(viii)Our ability to protect our information technology systems from interruption or security breach, including cyber security threats, and to protect consumer data and personal employee information;
(ix)Fluctuations in the price and availability of commodities;
(x)Dependence on a limited number of suppliers and distributors to meet our beef and other major product supply needs
(xi)The effects of international economic, political and social conditions and legal systems on our foreign operations and on foreign currency exchange rates;
(xii)Our ability to comply with governmental laws and regulations, the costs of compliance with such laws and regulations and the effects of changes to applicable laws and regulations, including tax laws and unanticipated liabilities, and the impact of any litigation;
(xiii)Our ability to effectively respond to changes in patterns of consumer traffic, consumer tastes and dietary habits, including by maintaining relationships with third party delivery apps and services;
(xiv)Our ability to implement our remodeling, relocation and expansion plans due to uncertainty in locating and acquiring attractive sites on acceptable terms, obtaining required permits and approvals, recruiting and training necessary personnel, obtaining adequate financing and estimating the performance of newly opened, remodeled or relocated restaurants;
(xv)Seasonal and periodic fluctuations in our results and the effects of significant adverse weather conditions and other disasters or unforeseen events;
(xvi)The effects of our substantial leverage and restrictive covenants in our various credit facilities on our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations, to make capital expenditures to invest in new or renovate restaurants and to react to changes in the economy or our industry, and our exposure to interest rate risk in connection with our variable-rate debt; and
(xvii)Any impairment in the carrying value of our goodwill or other intangible or long-lived assets and its effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
In light of these risks and uncertainties, we caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement that we make in this Report speaks only as of the date of such statement, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement or to publicly announce the results of any revision to any of those statements to reflect future events or developments. Comparisons of results for current and any prior periods are not intended to express any future trends or indications of future performance, unless specifically expressed as such, and should only be viewed as historical data.
Item 1. Business
Bloomin’ Brands, Inc. (“Bloomin’ Brands,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” and similar terms mean Bloomin’ Brands, Inc. and its subsidiaries except where the context otherwise requires) is one of the largest casual dining restaurant companies in the world, with a portfolio of leading, differentiated restaurant concepts. We have four founder-inspired concepts: Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill, Bonefish Grill and Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar. Our restaurant concepts range in price point and degree of formality from casual (Outback Steakhouse and Carrabba’s Italian Grill) to upscale casual (Bonefish Grill) and fine dining (Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar). OSI Restaurant Partners, LLC (“OSI”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bloomin’ Brands, is our primary operating entity.
COVID-19 Pandemic Impact on Our Business
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) to be a pandemic. In an effort to contain and mitigate the spread of COVID-19, federal, state and local governmental authorities imposed dramatic restrictions on travel, group gatherings and non-essential activities, such as “social distancing” guidance, shelter-in-place orders and limitations on or full prohibitions of dine-in services.
Along with many other restaurant businesses across the country, we temporarily limited our services in the U.S. to carry-out and delivery only beginning March 20, 2020. In early May 2020, we began to reopen our restaurant dining rooms with limited seating capacity in compliance with state and local regulations. The temporary closure of our dining rooms and the limitations on seating capacity due to the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significantly reduced traffic in our restaurants which has negatively impacted our operating results.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have tightly managed expenses while prioritizing support of our workforce, off-premises business and the safe reopening of our restaurant dining rooms. In addition, we have taken several precautionary measures to preserve liquidity, including suspending quarterly dividends and share repurchases, significantly reducing marketing and tightly managing other expenses, limiting capital expenditures and engaging with our landlords regarding amendments to our operating lease agreements.
As of December 27, 2020, we owned and operated 1,157 restaurants and franchised 317 restaurants across 47 states, Guam and 20 countries.
We consider our restaurant concepts and international markets to be operating segments, which reflects how we manage our business, review operating performance and allocate resources. We aggregate our operating segments into two reportable segments, U.S. and international. The U.S. segment includes all restaurants operating in the U.S. while restaurants operating outside the U.S. are included in the international segment. Following is a summary of reportable segments as of December 27, 2020:
|REPORTABLE SEGMENT (1)||CONCEPT||GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION|
|U.S.||Outback Steakhouse||United States of America|
|Carrabba’s Italian Grill|
|Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar|
|International||Outback Steakhouse||Brazil, Hong Kong/China|
|Carrabba’s Italian Grill (Abbraccio)||Brazil|
(1)Includes franchise locations. See Item 2. Properties for disclosure of our restaurant count by country and territory.
As of December 27, 2020, in our U.S. segment, we owned and operated 1,015 restaurants and franchised 166 restaurants across 47 states.
Outback Steakhouse - Outback Steakhouse is a casual steakhouse restaurant concept focused on steaks, bold flavors and Australian decor. The Outback Steakhouse menu offers seasoned and seared or wood-fire grilled steaks, chops, chicken, seafood, pasta, salads and seasonal specials. The menu also offers a selection of specialty appetizers, including our signature Bloomin’ Onion®, and desserts, together with full bar service.
Carrabba’s Italian Grill - Offering authentic Italian cuisine passed down from its founders’ family recipes, Carrabba’s Italian Grill uses high quality ingredients to prepare fresh and handmade dishes cooked to order in a lively exhibition kitchen. Featuring a wood-burning grill inspired by the many tastes of Italy, guests can enjoy signature dishes such as Chicken Bryan and Pollo Rosa Maria, wood-fire grilled steaks and chops, small plates and classic Italian pasta dishes in a welcoming, contemporary atmosphere.
Bonefish Grill - Bonefish Grill specializes in market-fresh fish from around the world, savory wood-grilled specialties and hand-crafted cocktails. Guests are guided through an innovative, seasonal menu, with unique specials and locally-created “Neighborhood Catch” dishes as well as beef and chicken entrées, featuring high quality and fresh ingredients. The Bonefish Grill experience helps guests “Escape the Ordinary,” and is based on the premise of simplicity, consistency and a strong commitment to excellence at every level.
Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar - Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar is a contemporary steakhouse concept featuring prime cuts of beef, chops, fresh fish, seafood and poultry, salads and side dishes. Guests will find a passion for steak and wine, reflected in an exceptional menu of hand-cut steaks and an award-winning list of wines by the glass. The steak selection features USDA Prime corn-fed beef, both wet- and dry-aged for flavor and texture, in a variety of sizes and cuts.
We have local management to support and grow restaurants in each of the countries where we have Company-owned operations. Our international operations are integrated with our corporate headquarters to leverage enterprise-wide capabilities, including marketing, finance, real estate, information technology, legal, human resources, supply chain management and productivity.
As of December 27, 2020, in our international segment, we owned and operated 142 restaurants and franchised 151 restaurants across 20 countries and Guam. See Item 2. Properties for disclosure of our international restaurant count by country and territory.
Outback Steakhouse - Our international Outback Steakhouse restaurants have a menu similar to our U.S. menu with additional variety to meet local taste preferences. In addition to the traditional Outback Special sirloin, a typical international menu may feature local beef cuts such as the Aussie Grilled Picanha in Brazil.
Carrabba’s Italian Grill (Abbraccio Cucina Italiana) - Abbraccio Cucina Italiana, our international Carrabba’s Italian Grill restaurant concept, offers a blend of traditional and modern Italian dishes. The menu varies, with additional pasta and pizza offerings, to account for local tastes and customs. Abbraccio Cucina Italiana also has a range of beverage options, including classically inspired cocktails and local favorites with an Italian twist.
We utilize the ownership structure and market entry strategy that best fits the needs for a particular market, including Company-owned units and franchises, as determined by demand, cost structure and economic conditions.
U.S. Development - We opportunistically pursue unit growth across our concepts through existing geography fill-in and market expansion opportunities.
During 2020, we continued to test and develop our first fast-casual concept, Aussie Grill. Originally created for our international franchisees, Aussie Grill offers steak, burgers, chicken, ribs and salad with fast-casual convenience. After successfully launching Aussie Grill internationally, we have added Company-owned locations in the U.S. and in May 2020 opened the first free standing restaurant. We plan to open four additional U.S. Aussie Grill restaurants in 2021.
During 2020, we introduced Tender Shack, a virtual brand that leverages the kitchens of our existing restaurants for cooking and delivery, to certain markets in the U.S. Tender Shack offers a high quality, very limited menu featuring chicken tenders, fries, cookies and drinks. As of December 27, 2020, we had over 120 restaurants operating the Tender Shack virtual concept. In February 2021, we completed the national rollout of Tender Shack which is now offered through 725 of our restaurants, primarily Outback Steakhouse and Carrabba’s Italian Grill.
International Development - We continue to pursue international expansion opportunities, leveraging established equity and franchise markets in South America and Asia, and in strategically selected emerging and high-growth developed markets, with a focus on Brazil.
During 2020, our franchisee in South Korea rolled out several “dark kitchens” which are food preparation and cooking facilities that are not located in a traditional retail space and are limited to delivery only. Dark kitchens allow the expansion of our restaurant concepts into areas where traditional retail space is not available or cost prohibitive. As of December 27, 2020, there were 19 dark kitchens operating in South Korea and additional locations are planned to open in 2021. We are exploring opportunities to introduce dark kitchens to other markets.
System-wide Restaurant Summary - Following is a system-wide rollforward of restaurants in operation during 2020:
|2020 ACTIVITY||DECEMBER 27,|
|Number of restaurants:|
|Company-owned||579||4 ||(15)||— ||568|
|Franchised||145||— ||(7)||— ||138|
|Total||724||4 ||(22)||— ||706||46|
|Carrabba’s Italian Grill|
|Company-owned||204||— ||(5)||— ||199|
|Franchised||21||— ||— ||— ||21|
|Total||225||— ||(5)||— ||220||29|
|Company-owned||190||— ||(10)||— ||180|
|Franchised||7||— ||— ||— ||7|
|Total||197||— ||(10)||— ||187||31|
|Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse and Wine Bar|
|Company-owned||68||— ||(5)||— ||63||25|
|Company-owned (1)||4 ||1 ||— ||— ||5||1|
|U.S. total||1,218 ||5 ||(42)||— ||1,181 |
|Outback Steakhouse—Brazil (2)||99 ||10 ||— ||— ||109 |
|Other (3)||29 ||5 ||(1)||— ||33 |
|Outback Steakhouse—South Korea (3)||72 ||27 ||(4)||— ||95 |
|Other (1)||55 ||4 ||(3)||— ||56 |
|International total||255 ||46 ||(8)||— ||293 |
|System-wide total||1,473||51 ||(50)||— ||1,474|
(1)U.S. Company-owned and International Franchised Other each include three fast-casual Aussie Grill locations as of December 27, 2020.
(2)The restaurant counts for Brazil are reported as of November 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to correspond with the balance sheet dates of this subsidiary.
(3)As of December 27, 2020, we had 20 international dark kitchens that offer delivery only. One of these locations was included within Company-owned Other and 19 were included in Franchised Outback Steakhouse - South Korea.
The restaurant industry is highly competitive with a substantial number of restaurant operators that compete directly and indirectly with us in respect to price, service, location and food quality, and there are other well-established competitors with significant financial and other resources. There is also active competition for management personnel, attractive suitable real estate sites, supplies and restaurant employees. In addition, competition is influenced strongly by marketing and brand reputation. At an aggregate level, all major casual dining restaurants in markets in which we operate would be considered competitors of our concepts. We also face growing competition from the supermarket industry which offers expanded selections of prepared meals. In addition, improving product offerings and convenience options from quick service and fast-casual restaurants and the expansion of home delivery services, together with negative economic conditions, could cause consumers to choose less expensive alternatives than our restaurants. Internationally, we face increasing competition due to an increase in the number of casual dining restaurant options in the markets in which we operate.
REVENUE GENERATING ACTIVITIES
We generate our revenues from our Company-owned restaurants and through sales of franchise rights and ongoing royalties and other fees from our franchised restaurants.
Company-owned Restaurants - Company-owned restaurants are restaurants wholly-owned by us or in which we have a majority ownership. Our cash flows from entities in which we have a majority ownership are limited to the portion of our ownership. The results of operations of Company-owned restaurants are included in our consolidated operating results and the portion of income or loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests is eliminated in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
We pay royalties that range from 0.5% to 1.5% of U.S. sales on the majority of our Carrabba’s Italian Grill restaurants, pursuant to agreements we entered into with the Carrabba’s Italian Grill founders (“Carrabba’s Founders”). Each Carrabba’s Italian Grill restaurant located outside the U.S. pays a one-time lump sum fee to the Carrabba’s Founders, which varies depending on the size of the restaurant. No continuing royalty fee is paid to the Carrabba’s Founders for Carrabba’s Italian Grill restaurants located outside the U.S.
Following are sales by occasion, sales mix by product type and average check per person for Company-owned restaurants during 2020:
|Bonefish Grill||Fleming’s |
& Wine Bar
|In-restaurant sales||59 ||%||57 ||%||75 ||%||84 ||%||75 ||%|
|Off-premises sales||41 ||%||43 ||%||25 ||%||16 ||%||25 ||%|
|100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%|
|Sales mix by product type:|
|Food & non-alcoholic beverage||94 ||%||90 ||%||82 ||%||80 ||%||91 ||%|
|Alcoholic beverage||6 ||%||10 ||%||18 ||%||20 ||%||9 ||%|
|100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%||100 ||%|
|Average check per person ($USD)||$||23 ||$||21 ||$||26 ||$||80 ||$||10 |
|Average check per person (R$)||R$||47 |
Delivery - During 2019, we completed the rollout of in-house delivery for substantially all Outback Steakhouse and the majority of Carrabba’s Italian Grill Company-owned restaurants. In addition, during 2019 we expanded our delivery platform through partnerships with leading national delivery services for our Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill and certain Bonefish Grill restaurants.
In March 2020, we pivoted to an off-premises only model in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. While our dining rooms were closed in the U.S. we were able to triple our off-premises sales per restaurant, and subsequent to reopening our restaurant dining rooms we have retained approximately 50% of the incremental volume achieved while our dining rooms were closed.
Unaffiliated Franchise Program - Our unaffiliated franchise agreements grant third parties rights to establish and operate a restaurant using one of our concepts. Franchised restaurants are required to be operated in accordance with the franchise agreement and in compliance with their respective concept’s standards and specifications.
Under our franchise agreements, each franchisee is required to pay an initial franchise fee and monthly royalties based on a percentage of gross restaurant sales. Initial franchise fees are generally $40,000 for U.S. franchisees and range between $30,000 and $75,000 for international franchisees, depending on the market. Some franchisees may
also pay advertising and administration fees based on a percentage of gross restaurant sales. Following is a summary of royalty fee percentages based on our existing unaffiliated franchise agreements:
|(as a % of gross Restaurant sales)||MONTHLY ROYALTY FEE PERCENTAGE|
|U.S. franchisees (1)||3.50% - 5.75%|
|International franchisees (2)||2.75% - 6.00%|
(1)U.S. franchisees must also contribute a percentage of gross sales for national marketing programs and spend a certain percentage of gross sales on local advertising. For most U.S. franchisees, there is a maximum of 8.0% of gross restaurant sales for combined national marketing and local advertising.
(2)International franchisees must also spend a certain percentage of gross sales on local advertising, which varies depending on the market.
On December 27, 2020, we entered into an agreement (the “Resolution Agreement”) with Cerca Trova Southwest Restaurant Group, LLC (d/b/a Out West Restaurant Group) and certain of its affiliates (collectively, “Out West”), a franchisee of approximately 90 Outback Steakhouse restaurants in the western United States. Under the terms of the agreement, advertising fees were reduced to 2.25% of gross sales until December 31, 2023 or upon the earlier occurrence of certain specified events, including the sale of all or substantially all of the assets or equity of Out West, bankruptcy or a liquidation event.
Out West also entered into a forbearance agreement with its lenders that, in conjunction with the Resolution Agreement which, among other things, provides for a pre-determined calculation of available monthly cash (“Available Cash”) that Out West may use to settle its obligations due to us and its lenders. Under the Resolution Agreement, if Out West is unable to satisfy monthly royalty or advertising fees with Available Cash, such amounts will be automatically deferred under the Resolution Agreement.
See Note 4 - Revenue Recognition of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further details regarding the Resolution Agreement.
Sourcing and Supply - We take a global approach to procurement and supply chain management, with our corporate team serving all U.S. and international concepts. In addition, we have dedicated supply chain management personnel for our international operations in South America and Asia. The supply chain management organization is responsible for all food and operating supply purchases as well as a large percentage of purchases of field and corporate services.
We address the end-to-end costs associated with the products and goods we purchase by utilizing a combination of global, regional and local suppliers to capture efficiencies and economies of scale. This “total cost of ownership” (“TCO”) approach focuses on the initial purchase price, coupled with the cost structure underlying the procurement and order fulfillment process. The TCO approach includes monitoring commodity markets and trends to execute product purchases at the most advantageous times.
We have a distribution program that includes food, beverage, smallwares and packaging goods in all major markets. Where applicable, this program is managed by a custom distribution company that only provides products approved for our system. This customized relationship also enables our staff to effectively manage and prioritize our supply chain.
Beef represents the majority of purchased proteins. In 2020, we primarily purchased our U.S. beef raw materials from four beef suppliers and our Brazil beef raw materials from two beef suppliers. Due to the nature of our industry, we expect to continue purchasing a substantial amount of beef from a small number of suppliers. Other major commodity categories purchased include produce, dairy, bread and pasta, and energy sources to operate our restaurants, such as natural gas and electricity.
Information Systems - We leverage technology to support areas such as digital marketing and customer engagement, business analytics and decision support, restaurant operations and productivity initiatives related to optimizing our staffing, food waste management and supply chain efficiency.
To drive customer engagement, we continue to invest in data and technology infrastructure, including brand websites, digital marketing, online ordering and mobile apps. To increase customer convenience, we are leveraging our online ordering infrastructure to facilitate expanded off-premises dining including our own delivery fleet and systems. Additionally, we developed systems to support our customer loyalty program with a focus on increasing traffic to our restaurants. In recent years, we have made investments in a global supply chain management system to improve inventory forecasting and replenishment in our restaurants, which helps us manage food quality and cost. We also continue to invest in a range of tools and infrastructure to support risk management and cyber security.
Our integrated point-of-sale system allows us to transact business in our restaurants and communicate sales data through a secure corporate network to our enterprise resource planning system and data warehouse. Our Company-owned restaurants, and most of our franchised restaurants, are connected through a portal that provides our employees and franchise partners with access to business information and tools that allow them to collaborate, communicate, train and share information.
We maintain a robust system to ensure network security and safeguard against data loss. See Item 1A. Risk Factors for additional discussion of our cyber security measures.
Advertising and Marketing - We advertise through a diverse set of media channels including but not limited to national/spot television, radio, social media, search engines and other digital tactics. Our concepts have active public relations programs and also rely on national promotions, site visibility, local marketing, digital marketing, direct mail, billboards and point-of-sale materials to promote our restaurants. Recently, we increased our focus on data segmentation and personalization, customer relationship management and digital advertising to be more efficient and relevant with our advertising expenditures. Internationally, we have teams in our developed markets that engage local agencies to tailor advertising to each market and develop relevant and timely promotions based on local consumer demand.
Our multi-branded loyalty program, Dine Rewards, is designed to drive incremental traffic and provide data for customer segmentation and personalization opportunities. Additionally, to help maintain consumer interest and relevance, each concept leverages limited-time offers featuring seasonal specials. We promote limited-time offers through integrated marketing programs that utilize all of our advertising resources.
Restaurant Management - The Restaurant Managing Partner has primary responsibility for the day-to-day operation of the restaurant and is required to follow Company-established operating standards. Area Operating Partners for our casual dining concepts oversee restaurant operations and Restaurant Managing Partners within a specific region.
In addition to base salary, Area Operating Partners, Restaurant Managing Partners and Chef Partners generally receive performance-based bonuses for providing management and supervisory services to their restaurants, certain of which may be based on a percentage of their restaurants’ monthly operating results or cash flows and/or total controllable income.
Restaurant Managing Partners and Chef Partners in the U.S. may also participate in deferred compensation and other performance-based compensation programs. To fund deferred compensation arrangements, we may invest in corporate-owned life insurance policies, which are held within an irrevocable grantor or “rabbi” trust account for settlement of certain of our obligations under the deferred compensation plans.
Many of our international Restaurant Managing Partners are given the option to purchase participation interests in the cash distributions of the restaurants they manage. The amount, terms and availability vary by country.
Trademarks - We regard our Outback®, Outback Steakhouse®, Carrabba’s Italian Grill®, Bonefish Grill® and Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar® service marks and our Bloomin’ Onion® trademark as having significant value and as being important factors in the marketing of our restaurants. We have also obtained trademarks and service marks for these and several of our other menu items and various advertising slogans both in the U.S. and in other countries where we operate. We are aware of names and marks similar to the service marks of ours used by other persons in certain geographic areas in which we have restaurants. However, we believe such uses will not adversely affect us. Our policy is to pursue registration of our marks in countries where we operate whenever possible and to vigorously oppose any infringement of our marks. We also have registered domain names for each of our concepts.
We license the use of our registered trademarks to franchisees and third parties through franchise and license arrangements. The franchise and license arrangements restrict franchisees’ and licensees’ activities with respect to the use of our trademarks and impose quality control standards in connection with goods and services offered in connection with the trademarks.
Our business is subject to seasonal fluctuations. Historically, customer traffic patterns for our established U.S. restaurants are generally highest in the first quarter of the year and lowest in the third quarter of the year. International customer traffic patterns vary by market with Brazil historically experiencing minimal seasonal traffic fluctuations. However, the COVID-19 pandemic may have an impact on consumer behaviors and customer traffic that may result in temporary changes in the seasonal fluctuations of our business. Additionally, holidays and severe weather may affect sales volumes seasonally in some of our markets.
See Item 1A. Risk Factors for discussion of risks related to seasonal and periodic fluctuations.
We are subject to various federal, state, local and international laws affecting our business. Each of our restaurants is subject to licensing and regulation by a number of governmental authorities, which may include, among others, alcoholic beverage control, health and safety agencies, environmental and fire agencies in the state, municipality or country in which the restaurant is located.
U.S. - During 2020, various governmental bodies in the U.S. have addressed the spread of COVID-19 by imposing limitations on business operations or recommending that residents adopt stringent “social distancing” measures. Those formal and informal restraints, as well as consumer behavior, have materially affected the way we operate our business and serve our guests.
Alcoholic beverage sales represent ten percent of our U.S. restaurant sales. Alcoholic beverage control regulations require each of our restaurants to apply to a state authority and, in certain locations, county or municipal authorities for a license or permit to sell alcoholic beverages on the premises and, where applicable, a permit to provide service for extended hours and on Sundays. At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, many state governors entered executive orders allowing restaurants to sell alcohol for carry-out or delivery. In most jurisdictions, alcohol licenses for restaurants did not previously allow for off-premises sales. Most of these executive orders remain in effect, with some states passing permanent legislation. We are currently offering alcohol to go from certain locations from each of our restaurant concepts.
Our restaurant operations are also subject to federal and state laws for such matters as:
•immigration, employment, minimum wage, overtime, tip credits, worker conditions and health care;
•menu labeling and food safety;
•the Americans with Disabilities Act, which, among other things, requires our restaurants to meet federally mandated requirements for the disabled; and
•information security, data privacy, anti-corruption/anti-bribery, cashless payments and gift cards.
International - Our restaurants outside of the U.S. are subject to similar regional and local laws and regulations as our U.S. restaurants, including COVID-19-related mandates, labor, food safety, data privacy, anti-corruption/anti-bribery and information security.
See Item 1A - Risk Factors for a discussion of risks relating to federal, state, local and international regulation of our business.
HUMAN CAPITAL RESOURCES
Celebrating Our People – Team Members (our employees), guests, suppliers, and neighbors – have always been the heart of our Company’s culture, driven each day by our founding Principles & Beliefs, which include treating each individual as we would want to be treated. We believe that creating exceptional guest experiences begins with providing a positive, supportive work environment that welcomes individual differences and allows employees to grow and have fun. We focus on developing genuine, emotional guest connections through friendly service and high-quality food. We embrace the communities we serve, from feeding first responders to supporting worthy causes, especially in the Tampa Bay area of Florida, home to our Restaurant Support Center.
Company Response to COVID-19 - In 2020, in response to the COVID-19 global crisis, we did not furlough any Team Members and provided $44.9 million of relief pay, excluding employee retention tax credits earned, for our field hourly Team Members who were impacted by closed dining rooms. We also paid the employee portion of benefits premiums for Team Members who received relief pay. In addition, Team Members who were quarantined or who had a personal illness related to COVID-19 received pay.
Oversight and Management - We are constantly working to improve how we support our Team Members. As a part these efforts, we are assessing our overall racial diversity at Bloomin’ Brands as we strive to reflect the diversity of the communities we serve. We actively engage and listen to our Team Members as they share personal perspectives that could serve as insight for others. We have a Diversity & Inclusion Council comprising individuals across the Company, at all levels, to help guide, monitor, and reinforce short- and long-term diversity and inclusion goals.
We strive to improve in the following areas:
•Leadership & Talent: attract, develop, and promote diverse employees who reflect our communities and at all levels of leadership. This includes expanding our relationships with the Multicultural Foodservice & Hospitality Alliance and the Women’s Foodservice Forum to raise cultural awareness and encourage the promotion of diversity in our restaurants.
•Training & Education: strengthen our training and education programs to include listening, sharing, and storytelling, conducting “real talk” sessions and continuing unconscious bias training.
•Financial Support: donate to organizations dedicated to helping end racial injustice and creating opportunities for more inclusive communities.
We use surveys to seek feedback from our Team Members on a variety of topics that include, but are not limited to, confidence in leadership, our company culture and overall satisfaction with the Company. We regularly monitor and evaluate turnover and attrition metrics throughout our management teams. Annual strategic talent reviews and succession planning for executive-level roles, senior management and key restaurant leadership positions help ensure consistency in management talent quality.
We are committed to high standards of ethical, moral, and legal business conduct and strive to be an open and honest workplace, providing a positive work environment and fostering a culture of integrity and ethical decision-making. To support this commitment, we have a Code of Conduct that applies to our directors, officers and employees, and we maintain an Ethics and Compliance Hotline (the “Hotline”), where violations and other workplace concerns can be reported. Team Members can confidentially, and if desired, anonymously, use the
Hotline to make a report on-line or to a live third-party operator in several languages, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Annually, we provide training and education to our salaried employees and most hourly employees with respect to our Code of Conduct, including our anti-corruption and anti-bribery policies.
Total Rewards - Our Total Rewards philosophy is to motivate and retain our Team Members by offering, what we believe to be competitive salary packages. To align Team Member objectives with the Company and ultimately our shareholders, Bloomin’ Brands offers programs that reward long-term performance. Additionally, we offer a well-rounded benefit package that includes the following, along with other benefits:
•Comprehensive health insurance coverage for Team Members working an average of 30 or more hours each week. Our coverage includes wellness programs intended to support our Team Member’s health needs.
•The mental well-being of our Team Members is important to us. During 2020, we worked with our health partners to offer additional Employee Assistance Program options. We introduced virtual therapy provided by BetterHelp that takes place via a mobile device or computer, allowing Team Members to access help when and where they need it, along with guided meditation options through Sanvello.
•Our non-executive salaried Team Members are eligible to receive matching contributions in our 401(k) plan and have access to financial wellness resources.
Employees - As of December 27, 2020, we employed over 77,000 persons, of which approximately 700 are corporate personnel, including 200 in international markets. Various jurisdictional mandated industry-wide labor agreements, which are renewed annually, apply to certain of our employees in Brazil. We consider our employee relations to be good.
Information About Our Executive Officers - Below is a list of the names, ages, positions and a brief description of the business experience of each of our executive officers as of February 21, 2021.
|David J. Deno||63||Chief Executive Officer|
|Christopher Meyer||49||Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer|
|Kelly Lefferts||54||Executive Vice President, Chief Legal Officer and Secretary|
|Gregg Scarlett||59||Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, Casual Dining Restaurants|
|Michael Stutts||41||Executive Vice President, Chief Customer Officer|
David J. Deno has served as Chief Executive Officer and as a member of our Board of Directors since April 2019. Mr. Deno previously served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial and Administrative Officer from October 2013 to April 2019 and as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from May 2012 to October 2013. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Deno was Chief Financial Officer of the international division of Best Buy Co., Inc. from December 2009 to May 2012. Mr. Deno has also previously served as Chief Financial Officer and later Chief Operating Officer of YUM! Brands, Inc.
Christopher Meyer has served as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer since April 2019. Mr. Meyer previously served as Group Vice President, Finance, Treasury and Accounting from November 2017 to April 2019 and Group Vice President, Financial Planning & Analysis and Investor Relations from September 2014 to November 2017.
Kelly Lefferts has served as Executive Vice President, Chief Legal Officer since July 2019. Ms. Lefferts served as Group Vice President and U.S. General Counsel of Bloomin’ Brands from September 2015 to July 2019 and Vice President and Assistant General Counsel of Bloomin’ Brands from January 2008 to September 2015. She has also served as Secretary of Bloomin’ Brands since February 2016.
Gregg Scarlett has served as Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, Casual Dining Restaurants since February 2020. Mr. Scarlett previously served as Executive Vice President, President of Outback Steakhouse from July 2016 to February 2020; Executive Vice President, President of Bonefish Grill from April 2015 to July 2016;
Senior Vice President, Casual Dining Restaurant Operations from January 2013 to April 2015; and Senior Vice President of Operations for Outback Steakhouse from March 2010 to January 2013.
Michael Stutts has served as Executive Vice President, Chief Customer Officer since June 2019. Prior to joining Bloomin’ Brands, Mr. Stutts served as a Partner and Managing Director at Boston Consulting Group, from September 2008 to December 2018.
We make available, free of charge, through our internet website www.bloominbrands.com, our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, Proxy Statements and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such material with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Our reports and other materials filed with the SEC are also available at www.sec.gov. The reference to these website addresses does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the websites and should not be considered part of this Report.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The risk factors set forth below should be carefully considered. The risks described below are those that we believe could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations, however, they are not the only risks facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or those we currently view to be immaterial may also materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Business and Industry
Food safety and food-borne illness concerns in our restaurants or throughout the industry or supply chain may have an adverse effect on our business by reducing demand and increasing costs.
Regardless of the source or cause, any report of food-borne illnesses and other food safety issues, whether at one of our restaurants or in the industry or supply chain, generally could have a negative impact on our traffic and sales and adversely affect the reputation of our brands. Food safety issues could be caused by suppliers or distributors and, as a result, be out of our control. Health concerns or outbreaks of disease in a food product could also reduce demand for particular menu offerings. Even instances of food-borne illness, food tampering or food contamination occurring solely at restaurants of other companies could result in negative publicity about the food service industry generally and adversely impact our sales. Social media has dramatically increased the rate at which negative publicity, including as it relates to food-borne illnesses, can be disseminated before there is any meaningful opportunity to respond or address an issue. The occurrence of food-borne illnesses or food safety issues could also adversely affect the price and availability of affected ingredients, resulting in higher costs and lower margins.
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted and is expected to continue to disrupt our business, and could continue to materially and adversely affect our business, revenues, financial condition and results of operations for an extended period of time.
The COVID-19 pandemic and related preventative and protective measures have negatively impacted, and are expected to continue to impact, our business globally. In the United States and in foreign countries in which we operate, individuals are encouraged to practice social distancing, and numerous jurisdictions have imposed on a temporary or on-going basis, and others in the future may impose or reinstate, restrictions from gathering in groups, shelter-in-place orders and similar governmental orders and restrictions for residents to control the spread of COVID-19, all of which impacts our ability to operate our business. These preventative and protective measures, which vary significantly across the jurisdictions where our restaurants are located, create a rapidly changing and complicated system for ensuring compliance and predicting our revenues and cost structure.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic and these changing conditions, we modified work hours for our team members, identified and implemented cost savings measures throughout our operations, shifted the majority of our corporate employees to remote working and temporarily limited our services in the U.S. to carry-out and delivery only from March 2020 through early May 2020. As of December 27, 2020, 85% of our restaurant dining rooms remain open with many still subject to seating capacity restrictions, which together with temporary closures has resulted in significantly reduced traffic in our restaurants. Even with our restaurant dining rooms mostly open for on-premises dining there can be no assurance that sales will return to prior levels given capacity restrictions, continued uncertainties surrounding the economic and public health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the possibility of additional closures or limitations on our capacity or services. If we revert to solely or primarily off-premises sales, there can be no assurance that our off-premises sales will grow or remain at levels experienced while our dining rooms were previously closed.
We entered into an amended credit agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) relating to our senior secured credit facilities (the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”) and obtained covenant relief to address liquidity challenges faced at the onset of the pandemic. There can be no assurance that we can continue to comply with the revised covenants during the relief period or thereafter when they revert to prior levels if the COVID-19 pandemic lasts longer than expected or our business does not quickly recover afterward. If the business interruptions caused by COVID-19 last longer than we expect or our assumptions regarding liquidity needs prove inaccurate, we may need to seek other sources of liquidity. There can be no guarantee that additional liquidity will be readily available or available on favorable terms, especially the longer the COVID-19 pandemic lasts. In an effort to preserve liquidity, we have and may continue to take certain actions with respect to some or all of our leases, including negotiating lease amendments with landlords to obtain more favorable lease terms. We can provide no assurances that our lease amendment negotiations will be successful, or that, following the COVID-19 pandemic, we will be able to continue restaurant operations on the current or amended terms of our existing leases, any of which could have an adverse effect on our business and results. We have also paused most activities with respect to new locations, remodels and relocations, limited capital spending to maintenance necessary to support off-premises business, and closed certain restaurants, any of which may affect our ability to grow our business, particularly if these measures are in place for a significant amount of time.
Our restaurant operations could be further disrupted if any of our employees are diagnosed with COVID-19, since this could require further restaurant closures or require some or all of a restaurant’s employees to self-quarantine. We have taken certain compensation and benefit relief actions to support our restaurant team members during COVID-19 business interruptions, but those actions may be insufficient to compensate our team members for the entire duration of any business interruption resulting from COVID-19, and our team members might seek and find other employment during that interruption, which could adversely affect our ability to properly staff and reopen our restaurants with experienced team members when the business interruptions caused by COVID-19 abate or end. If our customers become ill, a significant percentage of our or our suppliers’ or distributors’ workforce is unable to work, or if there are similar disruptions in the supply chain generally for certain products, whether because of illness, quarantine, limitations on travel or other government restrictions in connection with COVID-19, we could face disruptions to restaurant operations, cost increases and shortages of food or other supplies, or reputational harm or negative publicity directed at our brands that causes customers to avoid our restaurants, potentially materially adversely affecting our operations and sales.
In addition, the operations of our franchisees are subject to the same risks discussed above with respect to our business, and the COVID-19 pandemic has and may continue to cause financial distress to our franchisees. We have deferred or permanently waived certain of our franchisees’ payment obligations as a result, which deferments or waived payments may not be sufficient if financial distress continues. In some cases, we are contingently liable for franchisee lease obligations, and a failure by a franchisee to perform its obligations under such lease could result in direct payment obligations for us.
In addition, we have and could continue to experience other material impacts as a result of COVID-19, including, but not limited to, impairment charges. We cannot accurately predict the amount and timing of any further impairment of assets. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indication of impairment
exists and the COVID-19 pandemic has made developing forecasts for, and the accounting of, valuation of goodwill and certain other assets slower and more difficult. Should the value of goodwill or other intangible or long-lived assets become further impaired, there could be an adverse effect on our financial condition and consolidated results of operations. To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affects our business and financial results, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this Report.
We are subject to various federal and state employment and labor laws and regulations.
Various employment and labor laws and regulations govern our relationships with our employees throughout the world and affect operating costs. These laws and regulations relate to matters including employment discrimination, minimum wage requirements, overtime, tip credits, unemployment tax rates, workers’ compensation rates, working conditions, immigration status, tax reporting and other wage and benefit requirements. Any significant additional government regulations and new laws governing our relationships with employees, including minimum wage increases, mandated benefits or other requirements that impose additional obligations on us, including any temporary or permanent measures implemented in response to COVID-19, could increase our costs and adversely affect our business and results of operations.
As a significant number of our food service and preparation personnel are paid at rates related to the applicable minimum wage, federal, state and local proposals related to minimum wage requirements or similar matters could, to the extent implemented, materially increase our labor and other costs. As minimum wage increases continue to be implemented in states in which we operate, we expect our labor costs will continue to increase. In addition, President Biden has called for an increase in the federal minimum wage from $7.25 per hour to $15.00 per hour. Our distributors and suppliers could also be affected by higher minimum wage, benefit standards and compliance costs, which could result in higher costs for goods and services supplied to us. In addition, we rely on our employees to accurately disclose the full amount of their tip income, and we base our FICA tax reporting on the disclosures provided to us by such tipped employees. Inaccurate employee FICA tax reporting could subject us to monetary liabilities, which could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The restaurant industry is highly competitive and consumer options for other prepared food offerings continue to expand. Our inability to compete effectively could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A substantial number of restaurant operators compete directly and indirectly with us with respect to price, service, location and food quality, some of which are well-established with significant resources. There is also active competition for management and other personnel, and attractive suitable real estate sites. Consumer tastes, nutritional and dietary trends, traffic patterns and the type, number and location of competing restaurants often affect the restaurant business, and our competitors may react more efficiently, creatively and effectively to those conditions. In addition, our competitors may generate or better implement business strategies that improve the value and relevance of their brands and reputation, relative to ours. For example, our competitors may more successfully implement menu or technology initiatives, such as remote ordering, social media or mobile technology platforms that expedite or enhance the customer experience. In addition, our competitors may more successfully implement delivery and off-site initiatives or implement other measures to better address COVID-related business risks. Further, we face growing competition from quick service and fast-casual restaurants, the supermarket industry and meal kit and food delivery providers, with the improvement of prepared food offerings and the trend towards convergence in grocery, deli, retail and restaurant services. We believe all of the above factors have increased competitive pressures in the casual dining sector in recent periods and we believe they will continue to present a challenging competitive environment in future periods. If we are unable to continue to compete effectively, our traffic, sales and margins could decline and our business, financial condition and results of operations would be adversely affected.
Challenging economic, political and social conditions may have a negative effect on our business and financial results.
Challenging economic, political and social conditions may negatively impact consumer spending and thus cause a decline in our financial results. For example, international, domestic and regional economic conditions, consumer income levels, financial market volatility, social unrest, governmental, political and budget matters and a slow or stagnant pace of economic recovery and growth generally may have a negative effect on consumer confidence and discretionary spending, which the restaurant industry depends upon. In recent years, we believe these factors and conditions may have affected consumer traffic and comparable restaurant sales for us and throughout our industry and may continue to contribute to a challenging sales environment in the casual dining sector. Protests, demonstrations, riots, civil disturbance, disobedience, insurrection, or social and other political unrest, such as those seen in 2020 and early 2021, have and may continue to result in restrictions, curfews, or other actions and give rise to significant changes in regional and global economic conditions. If such events or disruptions persist for a prolonged period of time, our overall business and results of operations may be adversely affected.
In addition, it is difficult to predict what impact, if any, changes in federal policy, including tax policies, as a result of recent U.S. federal elections will have on our industry, the economy as a whole, consumer confidence and discretionary spending. As a result, the nature, timing and impact on our business of potential changes to the current legal and regulatory frameworks are uncertain. It is also difficult to predict what the long-term economic impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may be.
A decline in economic, political or social conditions or negative developments with respect to any of the other factors mentioned above, or a perception that such decline or negative developments are imminent, generally or in particular markets in which we operate, and our consumers’ reactions to these trends could result in increased pressure with respect to our pricing, traffic levels, commodity and other costs and the continuation of our innovation and productivity initiatives, which could negatively impact our business and results of operations. Further, poor economic conditions may force nearby businesses to shut down, which could cause our restaurant locations to be less attractive.
Failure to recruit, train and retain high-quality leadership, restaurant-level management and team members may inhibit our ability to operate and grow successfully.
Our success will continue to depend, to a significant extent, on our leadership team and other key management personnel. If we are unable to attract and retain sufficiently experienced and capable management personnel, our business and financial results may suffer.
Our restaurant-level management and team members are largely responsible for the quality of our service. Our guests may be dissatisfied and our sales may decline if we fail to recruit, train and retain managers and team members that effectively implement our business strategy and provide high quality guest service. There is active competition for quality management personnel and hourly team members. If we experience high turnover, we may experience higher labor costs and have a shortage of adequate management personnel required for future growth.
Our inability or failure to recognize, respond to and effectively manage the accelerated impact of social media could have a material adverse impact on our business.
Social media allows individuals to access a broad audience of consumers and other interested persons. The availability of information on social media platforms is virtually immediate as is its impact, and users can post information often without filters or checks on the accuracy of the content posted. Adverse or inaccurate information concerning our company or concepts may be posted at any time, and such information can quickly reach a wide audience. Social media has also been utilized to target specific companies or brands as a result of a variety of actions or inactions, or perceived actions or inactions, and such campaigns can rapidly accelerate and impact consumer behavior. The harm may be immediate without affording us an opportunity for redress or correction, and it is challenging to monitor, anticipate and promptly respond to such developments. These factors could have a
material adverse effect on our business. Regardless of its basis or validity, any unfavorable publicity could adversely affect public perception of our brands.
Our failure to use social media responsibly in our marketing efforts may further expose us to these risks. As part of our marketing efforts, we rely on search engine marketing and social media platforms to attract and retain guests. We need to continuously innovate and develop our social media strategies in order to maintain broad appeal with guests and brand relevance. We also continue to invest in other digital marketing initiatives that allow us to reach our guests across multiple digital channels and build their awareness of, engagement with, and loyalty to our brands. These initiatives may not be successful, resulting in expenses incurred without the benefit of higher revenues, increased employee engagement or brand recognition. In addition, a variety of risks are associated with the use of social media, including the improper disclosure of proprietary or personal information and negative publicity. The inappropriate use of social media vehicles by our guests or employees could increase our costs, lead to litigation or result in negative publicity that could damage our reputation.
Cyber security breaches of confidential consumer, personal employee and other material information and other threats to our technological systems may adversely affect our business.
A cyber incident that compromises the information of our consumers or employees, whether affecting our technological systems or those of third-party service providers that we rely on, could result in widespread negative publicity, damage to the reputation of our brands, a loss of consumers, an interruption of our business and legal liabilities.
The majority of our restaurant sales are by credit or debit cards, and we maintain certain personal information regarding our employees and confidential information about our customers, franchisees and suppliers. Although we segment our card data environment and employ a cyber security protection program based upon industry frameworks, as well as scan and improve our environment for any vulnerabilities, perform penetration testing and engage third parties to assess effectiveness of our security measures with oversight by our Audit Committee, there are no assurances that such programs will prevent or detect all potential cyber security breaches or technological failures.
Our operations and corporate functions rely heavily on information systems, including point-of-sale processing in our restaurants, management of our supply chain, payment of obligations, collection of cash, data warehousing to support analytics, finance and accounting systems, mobile technologies to enhance the customer experience and other various processes and procedures, some of which are handled by third parties. Our ability to efficiently and effectively manage our business depends significantly on the reliability and capacity of these systems. The failure of these systems to operate effectively, system maintenance problems, upgrading or transitioning to new platforms, or any cyber incident relating to these systems could expose our systems or information to cyber threats, result in delays in consumer service, reduced efficiency in our operations or result in negative publicity. Despite our security measures, our technology systems may be vulnerable to damage, disability or failures due to physical theft, fire, power loss, telecommunications failure or other catastrophic events, as well as from internal and external security breaches, employee error or malfeasance, denial of service and ransomware attacks, viruses, worms and other disruptive problems.
From time to time we have been, and likely will continue to be, the target of attempted cyber and other security threats, including those common to most industries and those targeting us due to the confidential consumer information we obtain through our electronic processing of credit and debit card transactions. A security breach or even a perceived security breach or failure to appropriately respond to a cyber incident could result in litigation or governmental investigation, as well as damage to our reputation and brands. We are subject to a variety of continuously evolving laws and regulations regarding privacy, data protection and data security at federal, state and international levels. The California Consumer Privacy Act, for example, became effective January 1, 2020 and provides a new private right of action to California residents related to data breaches and imposes new disclosure and other requirements on companies with respect to their data collection, use and sharing practices as they relate to California residents. A claim or investigation resulting from a cyber or other security threat to our systems and data
may have a material adverse effect on our business and the potential of incurring significant remediation costs. As cyber security risk and applicable laws and regulations evolve, we may incur significant additional costs in technology, third-party services and personnel to maintain systems designed to anticipate and prevent cyber-attacks.
Increased commodity, energy and other costs could decrease our profit margins or cause us to limit or otherwise modify our menus or increase prices, which could adversely affect our business.
The performance of our restaurants depends on our ability to anticipate and react to changes in the price and availability of food commodities. Our business also incurs significant costs for energy, insurance, labor, marketing and real estate. Prices may be affected by supply, market changes, increased competition, the general risk of inflation, changes in laws, shortages or interruptions in supply due to weather, disease or other conditions beyond our control, or other reasons. Increased prices or shortages could affect the cost and quality of the items we buy or require us to raise prices, limit our menu options or implement alternative processes or products. As a result, these events, combined with other more general economic and demographic conditions, could impact our pricing and negatively affect our sales and profit margins.
We have a limited number of suppliers for our major products. If our suppliers or custom distributors are unable to fulfill their obligations under their contracts or we are unable to develop or maintain relationships with these or new suppliers or distributors, if needed, we could encounter supply shortages and incur higher costs.
We depend on frequent deliveries of fresh food products that meet our specifications, and we have a limited number of suppliers for our major products, such as beef. In 2020, we purchased: (i) approximately 97% of our U.S. beef raw materials from four beef suppliers that represent more than 80% of the total beef marketplace in the U.S and (ii) approximately 84% of our Brazil beef raw materials from two beef suppliers that represent approximately 40% of the total Brazil beef marketplace. Due to the nature of our industry, we expect to continue to purchase a substantial amount of our beef from a small number of suppliers. We also primarily use one supplier in the U.S. and Brazil, respectively, to process beef raw materials to our specifications and we use one distribution company to provide distribution services in the U.S and Brazil, respectively. If any of these suppliers or distributors were unable to fulfill their responsibilities or we were unable to maintain current purchasing terms or ensure service availability and we were unable to locate substitutes in a timely manner, especially given the effects of COVID-19, we may encounter supply shortages, lose consumers and experience an increase in costs in seeking alternative supplier or distribution services. The failure to develop and maintain supplier and distributor relationships and any resulting disruptions to the provision of food and other supplies to our restaurant locations could adversely affect our operating results.
We face a variety of risks associated with doing business in foreign markets that could have a negative impact on our financial performance.
We have a significant number of restaurants outside of the United States, and we intend to continue our efforts to grow internationally. There is no assurance that international operations will be profitable or international growth will continue. In addition, if we have a significant concentration of restaurants in a foreign market the impact of any negative local conditions can have a sizable impact on our results.
Our foreign operations are subject to all of the same risks as our U.S. restaurants, as well as additional risks including, among others, international economic, political, social and legal conditions and the possibility of instability and unrest, differing cultures and consumer preferences, diverse government regulations and tax systems, corruption, anti-American sentiment, the ability to source high quality ingredients and other commodities in a cost-effective manner, uncertain or differing interpretations of rights and obligations in connection with international franchise agreements and the collection of ongoing royalties from international franchisees, the availability and costs of land, construction and financing, and the availability of experienced management, appropriate franchisees and area operating partners.
Local or regional events or conditions in our international markets could affect our results. For example, during 2019, Hong Kong political protests led to violence and disrupted business operations. During 2018, unrest surrounding the presidential election in Brazil led to protests and a lengthy truckers strike that negatively impacted the Brazilian economy, causing supply shortages and transportation gridlock that resulted in lost operating days for many businesses, including our restaurants. In 2020, there were protests in cities throughout the U.S. as well as globally, including in Hong Kong, in connection with civil rights, liberties, and social and governmental reform.
Currency regulations and fluctuations in exchange rates could also affect our performance. We have operations in many foreign countries, including direct investments in restaurants in Brazil and Hong Kong/China, as well as international franchises. As a result, we may experience losses from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates or any hedging arrangements that we enter into to offset such fluctuations, and such losses could adversely affect our overall sales and earnings.
We are subject to governmental regulation of our foreign operations, including antitrust and tax requirements, anti-boycott regulations, import/export/customs regulations and other international trade regulations, the USA Patriot Act and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Any new regulatory or trade initiatives could impact our operations in certain countries. Failure to comply with any such legal requirements could subject us to monetary liabilities and other sanctions, which could harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Changes in tax laws and unanticipated tax liabilities could adversely affect the taxes we pay and our profitability.
We are subject to income and other taxes in the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Our effective income tax rate and other taxes in the future could be adversely affected by a number of factors, including changes in the mix of earnings in countries with different statutory tax rates, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in tax laws or other legislative changes and the outcome of income tax audits. Although we believe our tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals. The results of a tax audit could have a material effect on our results of operations or cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made. In addition, our effective income tax rate and our results may be impacted by our ability to realize deferred tax benefits, including our FICA tip credit carryforwards, and by any increases or decreases of our valuation allowances applied to our existing deferred tax assets. Additional tax regulations and interpretations of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act could be issued, and no assurance can be made that future guidance will not adversely affect our business or financial condition.
The food service industry is affected by consumer preferences and perceptions. Changes in these preferences and perceptions may lessen the demand for our products, which would reduce sales and harm our business.
Food service businesses are affected by changes in consumer tastes and demographic trends. For instance, if prevailing health or dietary preferences cause consumers to avoid steak and other products we offer in any of our concepts in favor of foods or ingredients that are perceived as healthier or otherwise reflect popular demand, our business and operating results would be harmed. Various factors such as menu labeling rules, nutritional guidelines and academic studies may impact consumer choice and cause consumers to select foods other than those that are offered by our restaurants. If we are unable to anticipate or successfully respond to changes in consumer preferences, our results of operations could be adversely affected, generally or in particular concepts or markets.
Our relationships with third party delivery services and ability to grow sales through delivery orders are subject to risks.
We maintain relationships with various third-party delivery apps and services. Our sales may be negatively affected if these platforms are damaged or interrupted through technological failures or otherwise. The drivers fulfilling third-party delivery orders may make errors or fail to make timely deliveries such that our food or brands are poorly represented. This could cause reputational harm or adversely impact sales and customer satisfaction. Our sales through these services may also depend on the availability of delivery drivers, who are generally independent contractors.
Our relationships with these third-party delivery services are relatively new, and the level of sales they may generate and overall customer experience provided through such services remain uncertain. Our sales and brand reputation could be harmed as a result, and these orders could discourage potentially more profitable in-restaurant or carryout sales.
Our failure to comply with government regulation related to our restaurant operations, and the costs of compliance or non-compliance, could adversely affect our business.
We are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign laws affecting our business. Each of our restaurants is subject to licensing and regulation by a number of governmental authorities, which may include, among others, alcoholic beverage control, food safety, nutritional menu labeling, health care, environmental and fire agencies in the state, municipality or country in which the restaurant is located. Our suppliers are also subject to regulation in some of these areas. Any difficulties or inabilities to retain or renew licenses, or increased compliance costs due to changed regulations, could adversely affect operations at existing restaurants. Additionally, difficulties in obtaining or failing to obtain the required licenses or approvals could delay or prevent the development of new restaurants. We are subject to various U.S. federal, state and international laws and regulations related to the offer and sale of franchises. Failure to comply with these laws could adversely affect the results we generate from franchises or otherwise impose costs on us. Alcoholic beverage sales represent nine percent of our consolidated restaurant sales and are subject to extensive state and local licensing and other regulations. The failure of a restaurant to obtain or retain a liquor license would adversely affect that restaurant’s operations. In addition, we are subject to “dram shop” statutes in certain states. These statutes generally provide a person injured by an intoxicated person the right to recover damages from an establishment that wrongfully served alcoholic beverages to the intoxicated person. We may also incur costs as a result of compliance with measures implemented in response to COVID-19, such as requirements for physical barriers or other preventative measures in restaurants.
Risks associated with our remodeling, relocation and expansion plans may have adverse effects on our operating results.
As part of our business strategy, we intend to continue to remodel, relocate and expand our current portfolio of restaurants. Our 2021 development schedule calls for the construction of approximately 20 to 25 new system-wide locations, with most in Brazil. A variety of factors could cause the actual results and outcome of those plans to differ from the anticipated results, including among other things, the availability and terms on which we can lease attractive sites for new or relocated restaurants, availability and terms of funding, recruiting, training and retaining skilled management and restaurant employees, construction or other delays and consumer tastes and acceptance of our restaurant concepts and awareness of our brands in new regions.
It is difficult to estimate the performance of newly opened restaurants and whether they may attract customers away from other restaurants we own. If new or nearby existing restaurants do not meet targeted performance, it could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, including any impairment losses that we may be required to recognize.
Some of the challenges described above could be more significant in international markets in which we have more limited experience, either generally or with a particular brand. Those markets are likely to have different competitive conditions, consumer tastes, discretionary spending patterns and brand awareness, which may cause our new restaurants to be less successful than restaurants in our existing markets or make it more difficult to estimate the performance of new restaurants.
In addition, in an effort to increase same-restaurant sales and improve our operating performance, we continue to make improvements to our facilities through our remodeling and relocation programs and close underperforming restaurants. We incur significant lease termination or continuation expenses and asset impairment and other charges when we close or relocate a restaurant. If the expenses associated with remodels, relocations or closures are higher than anticipated, we cannot find suitable locations or remodeled or relocated restaurants do not perform as expected,
these programs may not yield the desired return on investment, which could have a negative effect on our operating results.
Failure to achieve our projected cost savings from our efficiency initiatives could adversely affect our results of operations and eliminate potential funding for growth opportunities.
In recent years, we have identified strategies and taken steps to reduce operating costs and free up resources to reinvest in our business. These strategies include improved supply chain management, implementing labor scheduling tools and integrating restaurant information systems across our brands. In addition, during 2020, we implemented certain measures to reduce costs and preserve liquidity in response to the impacts of COVID-19, which measures may not be sustainable or may be detrimental to continued operations over a longer term. We continue to evaluate and implement further cost-saving initiatives. However, the ability to reduce our operating costs through these initiatives is subject to risks and uncertainties, such as our ability to obtain improved supply pricing and the reliability of any new suppliers or technology, and we cannot assure that these activities, or any other activities that we may undertake in the future, will achieve the desired cost savings and efficiencies. Failure to achieve such desired savings could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition and curtail investment in growth opportunities.
There are risks and uncertainties associated with initiatives that we may implement.
From time to time, we consider various initiatives in order to grow and evolve our business and brands and improve our operating results. These initiatives could include, among other things, acquisitions, development or dispositions of restaurants or brands, new joint ventures, new franchise arrangements, restaurant closures and changes to our operating model. There can be no assurance that any such actions or initiatives will be successful or deliver their anticipated benefits. We may be exposed to new and unforeseen risks and challenges, particularly if we enter into markets or engage in activities with which we have no or limited prior experience, and it may be difficult to predict the success of such endeavors. If we incur significant expenses or divert management, financial and other resources to any initiative that is unsuccessful or does not meet our expectations, our results of operations and financial condition would be adversely affected. We may also incur significant asset impairment and other charges in connection with any such initiative. Regardless of the ultimate success of any initiative, the implementation and integration of new business or operational processes could be disruptive to our current operations. Even if we test and evaluate an initiative on a limited basis, the diversion of management time and resources could have an adverse effect on our business.
Our success depends substantially on the value of our brands and our ability to execute innovative marketing and consumer relationship initiatives to maintain brand relevance and drive profitable sales growth.
Our success depends on our ability to preserve and grow our brands. Our brand value and reputation are especially important to differentiate our concepts in the highly competitive casual dining sector to achieve sustainable same-restaurant sales growth and warrant new unit growth. Brand value and reputation is based in large part on consumer perceptions, which are driven by both our actions and by actions beyond our control, such as new brand strategies or their implementation, business incidents, ineffective advertising or marketing efforts, or unfavorable mainstream or social media publicity involving us, our industry, our franchisees, or our suppliers. A failure to innovate and extend our brands in ways that are relevant to consumers and occasions in order to generate sustainable same-restaurant traffic growth, and produce non-traditional sales and earnings growth opportunities, could have an adverse effect on our results of operations. Additionally, insufficient focus on our competition or failure to adequately address declines in the casual dining industry, could adversely impact results of operations.
If our competitors increase their spending on advertising, promotions and loyalty programs, if our advertising, media or marketing expenses increase, or if our advertising, promotions and loyalty programs become less effective than those of our competitors, or if we do not adequately leverage technology and data analytic capabilities needed to generate concise competitive insight, our results of operations could be materially and adversely effected.
We have limited control with respect to the operations of our franchisees, which could have a negative impact on our business.
Our franchisees are contractually obligated to operate their restaurants in accordance with our standards and we provide training and support to franchisees. However, franchisees are independent third parties that we do not control, and these franchisees own, operate and oversee the daily operations of their restaurants. As a result, the ultimate success and quality of any franchise restaurant rests with the franchisee. If franchisees do not successfully operate restaurants in a manner consistent with our product and service quality standards and contractual requirements, our image and reputation could be harmed, which in turn could adversely affect our business and operating results.
A significant portion of our financial results are dependent upon the operational and financial success of our franchisees. If sales trends or economic conditions worsen for franchisees, their financial results may worsen and our royalty, rent and other fee revenues may decline. In addition, we may also incur expenses in connection with supporting franchise restaurants that are underperforming. When Company-owned restaurants are sold to a franchisee, one of our subsidiaries is often required to remain responsible for lease payments for the sold restaurants to the extent the purchasing franchisees defaults on their leases. During periods of declining sales and profitability of franchisees, the incidence of franchisee defaults for these lease payments may increase and we may be required to make lease payments and seek recourse against the franchisee or agree to repayment terms.
Our business is subject to seasonal and periodic fluctuations, and past results are not indicative of future results.
Historically, consumer traffic patterns for our established restaurants are generally highest in the first quarter of the year and lowest in the third quarter of the year. Holidays may also affect sales volumes seasonally in some of the markets in which we operate. The COVID-19 pandemic may also have an impact on consumer behaviors and customer traffic that may result in temporary changes in the seasonal fluctuations of our business. In addition, our quarterly results have been and will continue to be affected by the timing of new restaurant openings and their associated pre-opening costs, as well as restaurant closures and exit-related costs, debt extinguishment and modification costs and impairments of goodwill, intangible assets and property, fixtures and equipment. As a result of these and other factors, our financial results for any quarter may not be indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full year.
Significant adverse weather conditions and other disasters or unforeseen events could negatively impact our results of operations.
Adverse weather conditions and natural disasters and other unforeseen events, such as winter storms, severe temperatures, thunderstorms, floods, hurricanes and earthquakes, terrorist attacks, war and widespread/pandemic illness, and the effects of such events on economic conditions and consumer spending patterns, could negatively impact our results of operations. Temporary and prolonged restaurant closures may occur and consumer traffic may decline due to the actual or perceived effects from these events. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic, severe winter weather conditions and hurricanes have impacted our traffic, and that of our franchises, and results of operations in recent years.
Our failure or inability to enforce our trademarks or other proprietary rights could adversely affect our competitive position or the value of our brand.
Our trademarks, including Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill, Bonefish Grill, Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar and Bloomin’ Onion, and other proprietary rights are important to our success and our competitive position. The protective actions that we take may not be sufficient to prevent unauthorized usage or imitation by others, which could harm our image, brand or competitive position. Furthermore, our ability to protect trademarks and other proprietary rights may be more limited in certain international markets where we operate.
Litigation could have a material adverse impact on our business and our financial performance.
We are subject to lawsuits, administrative proceedings and claims that arise in the regular course of business. These matters typically involve claims by consumers and others regarding issues such as food borne illness, food safety, premises liability, “dram shop” statute liability, promotional advertising and other operational issues common to the food service industry, as well as contract disputes and intellectual property infringement matters. We are also subject to employee claims against us based on, among other things, discrimination, harassment, wrongful termination, disability, or violation of wage and labor laws. We are also subject to the risk of being named a joint employer of workers of our franchisees for alleged violations of labor and wage laws. These claims may divert our financial and management resources that would otherwise be used to benefit our operations. The ongoing expense of any resulting lawsuits, and any substantial settlement payment or damage award against us, could adversely affect our business and results of operations. Significant legal fees and costs in complex class action litigation or an adverse judgment or settlement that is not insured or is in excess of insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Indebtedness
We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our indebtedness and operating lease obligations, and we may be forced to take other actions to satisfy our obligations under our indebtedness and operating lease obligations, which may not be successful. If we fail to meet these obligations, we would be in default under our debt agreements and the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under them to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit.
Our ability to make scheduled payments on our debt obligations and to satisfy our operating lease obligations depends upon our financial condition and operating performance, which is subject to prevailing economic and competitive conditions and to financial, business and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. We cannot be certain that we will maintain a level of cash flow from operating activities sufficient to permit us to pay the principal, premium, if any, and interest on our indebtedness, or to pay our operating lease obligations. If our cash flow and capital resources are insufficient to fund our debt service obligations and operating lease obligations, we may be forced to reduce or delay capital expenditures, sell assets, seek additional capital or restructure or refinance our indebtedness. These alternative measures may not be successful and may not permit us to meet our scheduled debt service obligations. In the absence of sufficient operating results and resources, we could face substantial liquidity problems and might be required to dispose of material assets or operations or take other actions to meet our debt service and other obligations. Our debt agreements restrict our ability to dispose of assets and how we may use the proceeds from the disposition. We may not be able to consummate those dispositions or to obtain the proceeds that we could otherwise realize from such dispositions and any such proceeds that are realized may not be adequate to meet any debt service obligations then due. The failure to meet our debt service obligations or the failure to remain in compliance with the financial covenants under our debt agreements would constitute an event of default under those agreements and the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under them to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit.
Our substantial leverage and our ability to refinance our indebtedness in the future could adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital to fund our operations, limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or our industry and expose us to interest rate risk in connection with our variable-rate debt.
We are highly leveraged. As of December 27, 2020, our total indebtedness was $1.0 billion and we had $533.7 million in available unused borrowing capacity under our revolving credit facility, net of undrawn letters of credit of $19.3 million. In May 2020, we issued $230.0 million of 5.00% convertible senior notes due in 2025 (the “2025 Notes”), in part to protect our financial condition and preserve liquidity given the uncertainties of the impact of COVID-19.
Based on the daily closing prices of our stock during the quarter ended December 27, 2020, holders of the 2025 Notes are eligible to convert their 2025 Notes during the first quarter of 2021.
Our high degree of leverage could have important consequences, including:
•making it more difficult for us to make payments on indebtedness;
•increasing our vulnerability to general economic, industry and competitive conditions and the various risks we face in our business;
•increasing our cost of borrowing or limiting our ability to obtain additional financing if needed;
•reducing our ability to use our cash flow to fund our operations, capital expenditures, dividend payments, and future business and strategic opportunities; and
•limiting our ability to adjust to changing market conditions and placing us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors who may not be as highly leveraged.
We may incur substantial additional indebtedness in the future, subject to the restrictions contained in our Senior Secured Credit Facility. If new indebtedness is added to our current debt levels, the related risks that we now face could increase.
As of December 27, 2020, we had $872.0 million of variable-rate debt outstanding under our Senior Secured Credit Facility, of which $550.0 million is hedged under variable-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements with various counterparties. An increase in the floating rate could cause a material increase in our interest expense due to the total amount of our outstanding variable rate indebtedness.
We cannot be certain that our financial condition or credit and other market conditions will be favorable when our Senior Secured Credit Facility matures in 2022, or at any earlier time we may seek to refinance our debt. If we are unable to refinance our indebtedness on favorable terms, our financial condition and results of operations would be adversely affected.
Our debt agreements contain restrictions that limit our flexibility in operating our business.
Certain of our debt agreements limit our and our subsidiaries’ abilities to, among other things, incur or guarantee additional indebtedness, pay dividends on, redeem or repurchase our capital stock, make certain acquisitions or investments, incur or permit to exist certain liens, enter into transactions with affiliates or sell our assets to, merge or consolidate with or into, another company. Our Amended Credit Agreement prohibits us from making certain restricted payments (including dividends), investments or acquisitions until after September 26, 2021. Our debt agreements require us to satisfy certain financial tests and ratios. Our ability to satisfy such tests and ratios may be affected by events outside of our control. While we obtained covenant relief to address liquidity challenges faced at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic under our Amended Credit Agreement, there can be no assurance that we can continue to comply with the revised covenants during the relief period or thereafter when they revert to prior levels if the COVID-19 pandemic lasts longer than expected or our business does not quickly recover afterward.
If we breach the covenants under our debt agreements, the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under the agreements to be immediately due and payable and terminate all commitments to extend further credit. If we are unable to repay those amounts, the lenders could proceed against the collateral granted to them to secure that indebtedness. We have pledged substantially all of our assets as collateral under our debt agreement. If our lenders accelerate the repayment of borrowings, we cannot be certain that we will have sufficient assets to repay them.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
Our ability to raise capital in the future may be limited, which could make us unable to fund our capital requirements.
Our business and operations may consume resources faster than we anticipate. In the future, we may need to raise additional funds through the issuance of new equity securities, debt or a combination of both. Additional financing may not be available on favorable terms or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, we may be unable to fund our capital requirements. If we issue new debt securities, the debt holders would have rights
senior to common stockholders to make claims on our assets, and the terms of any debt could restrict our operations, including our ability to pay dividends on our common stock. If we issue additional equity securities, existing stockholders may experience dilution, and the new equity securities could have rights senior to those of our common stock. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus, our stockholders bear the risk of our future securities offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their interest.
Our stock price is subject to volatility.
The stock market in general is highly volatile. As a result, the market price of our common stock is similarly volatile. The price of our common stock could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a number of factors, some of which may be beyond our control. These factors include actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results, changes in or our ability to achieve estimates of our operating results by analysts, investors or management, analysts’ recommendations regarding our stock or our competitors’ stock, sales of substantial amounts of our common stock by our stockholders, actions or announcements by us or our competitors, the maintenance and growth of the value of our brands, litigation, legislation or other regulatory developments affecting us or our industry, widespread/pandemic illness, natural disasters, cyber attacks, terrorist acts, war or other calamities and changes in general market and economic conditions.
Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our management and, therefore, may depress the trading price of our stock.
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws include certain provisions (including provisions related to our classified board structure and supermajority voting requirements) that could have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change of control of our company or changes in our management. These provisions may discourage, delay or prevent a transaction involving a change in control of the Company that is in the best interests of our stockholders. Even in the absence of a takeover attempt, the existence of these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging future takeover attempts.
Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law may affect the ability of an “interested stockholder” to engage in certain business combinations, including mergers, consolidations or acquisitions of additional shares, for a period of three years following the time that the stockholder becomes an “interested stockholder.” An “interested stockholder” is defined to include persons owning directly or indirectly 15% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a corporation. Although we have elected in our certificate of incorporation not to be subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law our certificate of incorporation contains provisions that have the same effect as Section 203, except that they provide that our former private equity sponsors will not be deemed to be “interested stockholders,” regardless of the percentage of our voting stock owned by them, and accordingly will not be subject to such restrictions.
General Risk Factors
An impairment in the carrying value of our goodwill or other intangible or long-lived assets could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Along with other intangible assets, we test goodwill for impairment annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying value may not be recoverable. We also evaluate long-lived assets on a quarterly basis or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. We cannot accurately predict the amount and timing of any impairment of assets. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indication of impairment exists. Should the value of goodwill or other intangible or long-lived assets become impaired, there could be an adverse effect on our financial condition and consolidated results of operations.
Failure to maintain effective systems of internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures could adversely affect our business and financial results.
Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary for us to provide accurate financial information. If we are unable to adequately maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results. Furthermore, we cannot be certain that our internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all possible error and fraud, including through cyber attacks. Because of inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of error or fraud, if any, in our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake, which could have an adverse impact on our business. A significant financial reporting failure or a lack of sufficient internal control over financial reporting could cause a loss of investor confidence and decline in the market price of our common stock, increase our costs, lead to litigation or result in negative publicity that could damage our reputation.
Future changes to existing accounting rules, accounting standards, new pronouncements and varying interpretations of pronouncements, or the questioning of current accounting practices may adversely affect our reported financial results. Additionally, our assumptions, estimates and judgments related to complex accounting matters could significantly affect our financial results. Generally accepted accounting principles and related accounting pronouncements, implementation guidelines and interpretations with regard to a wide range of matters that are relevant to our business, including but not limited to, revenue recognition, impairment of long-lived assets, leases and related economic transactions, derivatives, intangibles, self-insurance, income taxes, property and equipment, unclaimed property laws and litigation, and stock-based compensation are highly complex and involve many subjective assumptions, estimates and judgments by us. Changes in these rules or their interpretation or changes in underlying assumptions, estimates or judgments by us could significantly change our reported or expected financial performance.
Our insurance policies may not provide adequate levels of coverage against all claims, and fluctuating insurance requirements and costs could negatively impact our profitability.
We carry insurance programs with specific retention levels or high per-claim deductibles for a significant portion of our risks and associated liabilities with respect to workers’ compensation, general liability, liquor liability, employment practices liability, property, health benefits, cyber security and other insurable risks. However, there are types of losses we may incur that cannot be insured against or that we believe are not commercially reasonable to insure. These losses, if they occur, could have a material and adverse effect on our business and results of operations. Additionally, if our insurance costs increase, there can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully offset the effect of such increases and our results of operations may be adversely affected.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
We had 1,474 system-wide restaurants located across 47 states, Guam and 20 countries as of December 27, 2020. The following is a summary of our restaurant locations by country and territory as of December 27, 2020:
|United States||1,015 ||United States||166 |
|Brazil (1)||122 ||Argentina||1 ||Malaysia||2 |
|China (Mainland)||1 ||Australia||8 ||Mexico||5 |
|Hong Kong||19 ||Bahamas||1 ||Philippines||4 |
|Total international Company-owned||142 ||Canada||3 ||Qatar||2 |
|Costa Rica||1 ||Saudi Arabia||10 |
|Dominican Republic||1 ||Singapore||1 |
|Guam||1 ||South Korea||95 |
|Indonesia||4 ||Thailand||1 |
|Japan||10 ||Turks and Caicos||1 |
|Total international franchised||151 |
|Total Company-owned||1,157 ||Total franchised||317 |
(1)The restaurant count for Brazil is reported as of November 30, 2020 to correspond with the balance sheet date of this subsidiary.
We lease substantially all of our restaurant properties from third parties. As of December 27, 2020, our Company-owned restaurants were located on the following sites by segment:
|U.S.||INTERNATIONAL ||TOTAL||PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL|
|Company-owned sites||27 ||— ||27 ||2 ||%|
|Land, ground and building leases||682 ||— ||682 ||59 ||%|
|Space and in-line leases||306 ||142 ||448 ||39 ||%|
|Total Company-owned restaurant sites||1,015 ||142 ||1,157 ||100 ||%|
We also lease corporate offices in Tampa, Florida and São Paulo, Brazil.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
For a description of our legal proceedings, see Note 22 - Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of this Report.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
MARKET INFORMATION AND DIVIDENDS
Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BLMN”.
We began paying quarterly cash dividends on shares of our common stock in 2015. However, under our Amended Credit Agreement, we are restricted from paying dividends until after September 26, 2021 and we are compliant with our financial covenants. Future dividend payments after that date will depend on earnings, financial condition, capital expenditure requirements, surplus and other factors that our Board of Directors (our “Board”) considers relevant.
As of February 19, 2021, there were 93 holders of record of our common stock. The number of registered holders does not include holders who are beneficial owners whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees.
SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS
The following table presents the securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans as of December 27, 2020:
|(shares in thousands)||(a)||(b)||(c)|
NUMBER OF SECURITIES TO BE ISSUED UPON EXERCISE OF OUTSTANDING OPTIONS, WARRANTS AND RIGHTS
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE EXERCISE PRICE OF OUTSTANDING OPTIONS, WARRANTS AND RIGHTS
NUMBER OF SECURITIES REMAINING AVAILABLE FOR FUTURE ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS (EXCLUDING SECURITIES REFLECTED IN COLUMN (a)) (1)
|Equity compensation plans approved by security holders||5,422 ||$||19.76 ||9,464 |
(1)The shares remaining available for issuance may be issued in the form of stock options, restricted stock units or other stock awards under the 2020 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Convertible Senior Notes and Warrants - In May 2020, we issued $230.0 million of 5.00% senior notes that are convertible into approximately 19.348 million shares of our common stock, at the initial conversion rate, and mature on May 1, 2025, unless earlier converted, redeemed or purchased by us (the “2025 Notes”). In connection with the offering of the 2025 Notes, we also sold warrants for approximately 19.348 million shares of our common stock with an initial strike price of $16.64.
PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS
We did not repurchase any shares of our outstanding common stock during the thirteen weeks ended December 27, 2020. The terms of our Amended Credit Agreement contain certain restrictions on share repurchases until after September 26, 2021 and we are compliant with our financial covenants.
It is management’s intent to prioritize debt payments in the near term, even after credit agreement restrictions on paying dividends and repurchasing shares of our common stock lapse.
STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH
The following graph depicts total return to stockholders from December 24, 2015 through December 27, 2020, relative to the performance of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Consumer Discretionary Sector, a peer group. The graph assumes an investment of $100 in our common stock and in each index on December 24, 2015 (the last business day of the fiscal year of investment) and the reinvestment of dividends paid since that date. The stock price performance shown in the graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
|Bloomin’ Brands, Inc. (BLMN)||$||100.00 ||$||108.52 ||$||129.02 ||$||108.18 ||$||135.91 ||$||120.08 |
|Standard & Poor’s 500||$||100.00 ||$||112.27 ||$||135.29 ||$||128.25 ||$||170.52 ||$||198.47 |
|Standard & Poor’s Consumer Discretionary||$||100.00 ||$||107.06 ||$||129.91 ||$||129.55 ||$||168.52 ||$||219.02 |
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
|(in thousands, except share and per share data)||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016|
|Restaurant sales||$||3,144,636 ||$||4,075,014 ||$||4,060,871 ||$||4,164,063 ||$||4,221,920 |
|Franchise and other revenues||25,925 ||64,375 ||65,542 ||59,073 ||38,753 |
|Total revenues (1)||$||3,170,561 ||$||4,139,389 ||$||4,126,413 ||$||4,223,136 ||$||4,260,673 |
|(Loss) income from operations (2)||$||(174,973)||$||191,090 ||$||145,253 ||$||138,686 ||$||123,750 |
|Net (loss) income including noncontrolling interests (2) (3)||$||(158,795)||$||134,117 ||$||109,538 ||$||103,608 ||$||43,987 |
|Net (loss) income attributable to common stockholders (2) (3) (4)||$||(162,211)||$||130,573 ||$||107,098 ||$||101,293 ||$||39,388 |
|(Loss) earnings per share attributable to common stockholders:|
|Basic||$||(1.85)||$||1.47 ||$||1.16 ||$||1.05 ||$||0.35 |
|Diluted (5)||$||(1.85)||$||1.45 ||$||1.14 ||$||1.02 ||$||0.34 |
|Cash dividends declared per common share||$||0.20 ||$||0.40 ||$||0.36 ||$||0.32 ||$||0.28 |
|Balance Sheet Data:|
|Total assets (6)||$||3,362,107 ||$||3,592,683 ||$||2,464,774 ||$||2,561,894 ||$||2,622,810 |
|Total operating lease liabilities (6)||$||1,393,457 ||$||1,450,917 ||$||— ||$||— ||$||— |
|Total debt, net||$||1,036,480 ||$||1,048,704 ||$||1,094,775 ||$||1,118,104 ||$||1,089,485 |
|Total stockholders’ equity (7)||$||10,957 ||$||177,481 ||$||54,817 ||$||81,231 ||$||226,063 |
|Common stock outstanding (7)||87,856 ||86,946 ||91,272 ||91,913 ||103,922 |
|Cash Flow Data:|
|Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions, net||$||— ||$||7,085 ||$||16,160 ||$||98,840 ||$||530,684 |
|Repurchase of common stock (7)||$||— ||$||(106,992)||$||(113,967)||$||(272,916)||$||(310,334)|
Note: This selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, within Item 8 and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, within Item 7 of this Report.
(1)Fiscal year 2020 Total revenues were significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. There were 53 operating weeks in 2017, versus 52 operating weeks for all other periods presented. This additional week resulted in an increase in Total revenues of $80.4 million during 2017.
(2)2020 includes: (i) $93.8 million of charges in connection with the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and (ii) $32.4 million of expenses incurred as a result of transformational and restructuring activities. 2019 includes: (i) $10.6 million of asset impairments and closing costs primarily related to the restructuring of certain international markets, certain approved closure and restructuring initiatives and the relocation of certain restaurants, (ii) $5.5 million of severance expense from the restructuring of certain functions, (iii) $3.8 million of gains related to the sale of certain surplus properties and (iv) $6.0 million of gains from the recognition of certain value-added tax credits in Brazil. 2018 includes: (i) $29.5 million of asset impairments and closing costs primarily related to various restructuring, refranchising and closure activities, (ii) $8.6 million of asset impairments and restaurant closing costs related to the relocation of certain restaurants and (iii) $3.5 million of severance expense from the restructuring of certain functions. 2017 includes: (i) $42.8 million of asset impairments and closing costs primarily related to certain closure and restructuring initiatives, the remeasurement of certain surplus properties and for our China subsidiary, (ii) $12.5 million of asset impairments and restaurant closing costs related to the relocation of certain restaurants and (iii) $11.0 million of severance expense incurred as a result of a restructuring event. 2016 includes: (i) $51.4 million of asset impairments and closing costs related to certain closure and restructuring initiatives, (ii) $43.1 million of asset impairments related to the refranchising of Outback Steakhouse South Korea and for our Puerto Rico subsidiary, (iii) $7.2 million of asset impairments and restaurant closing costs related to the relocation of certain restaurants and (iv) $5.5 million of severance expense as a result of certain restructuring events.
(3)Fiscal year 2020 includes $6.3 million of additional interest expense from debt discount amortization related to the issuance of our 2025 Notes. Fiscal year 2016 includes $27.0 million of loss on defeasance, extinguishment and modification of debt.
(4)During 2020, Net loss attributable to common stockholders increased by $3.5 million for consideration paid in excess of the carrying value of preferred shares of our Abbraccio subsidiary.
(5)Fiscal year 2017 includes $0.11 of additional diluted earnings per share from a 53rd operating week.
(6)In 2019, we recorded $1.3 billion of right-of-use assets and $1.5 billion of lease liabilities upon adoption of the new lease standard.
(7)In 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016, we repurchased 5.5 million, 5.1 million, 13.8 million and 16.6 million shares, respectively, of our outstanding common stock. During 2018, we issued 4.0 million shares of our common stock through the exercise of stock options.
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes. For discussion of our consolidated and segment-level results of operations, non-GAAP measures, and liquidity and capital resources for fiscal year 2018, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 29, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 26, 2020.
We are one of the largest casual dining restaurant companies in the world with a portfolio of leading, differentiated restaurant concepts. As of December 27, 2020, we owned and operated 1,157 restaurants and franchised 317 restaurants across 47 states, Guam and 20 countries. We have four founder-inspired concepts: Outback Steakhouse, Carrabba’s Italian Grill, Bonefish Grill and Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar.
Our 2020 financial results include:
•A decrease in Total revenues of (23.4)% to $3.2 billion in 2020 as compared to 2019, primarily due to: (i) significantly lower comparable restaurant sales and franchise revenues principally attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, (ii) the effect of foreign currency translation of the Brazil Real relative to the U.S. dollar and (iii) the net impact of restaurant closures and openings.
•Loss from operations of $(175.0) million in 2020, as compared to income from operations of $191.1 million in 2019, was primarily due to significantly lower comparable restaurant sales and franchise revenues and costs incurred in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, and costs incurred in connection with our transformation initiatives. These losses were partially offset by reduced operating costs and a reduction in prep labor hours, offset by higher labor costs.
In 2021, our key business strategies include:
•Enhance the 360-Degree Customer Experience to Drive Sustainable Healthy Sales Growth. We plan to continue to make investments to enhance our core guest experience, increase off-premises dining occasions, remodel and relocate restaurants, invest in digital marketing and data personalization and utilize the Dine Rewards loyalty program and multimedia marketing campaigns to drive sales.
• Drive Long-Term Shareholder Value. We plan to drive long-term shareholder value by reinvesting operational cash flow into our business and improving our credit profile.
•Enrich Engagement Among Stakeholders. We take the responsibility to our people, customers and communities seriously and continue to invest in programs that support the well-being of those engaged with us.
•Maximize International Opportunity. We continue to focus on existing geographic regions in South America, with strategic expansion in Brazil, and pursue global franchise opportunities.
We intend to fund our business strategies, drive revenue growth and margin improvement, in part by reinvesting savings generated by cost savings and productivity initiatives across our businesses.
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - Continued
Recent Developments - COVID-19
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, governmental authorities took dramatic action in an effort to slow the spread of the disease. Along with many other restaurant businesses across the country, we temporarily limited our services in the U.S. to carry-out and delivery only beginning March 20, 2020. In early May 2020, we began to reopen our restaurant dining rooms with limited seating capacity in compliance with state and local regulations. As of December 27, 2020, 85% of our restaurant dining rooms were open with many still subject to seating capacity restrictions. The temporary closure of our dining rooms and the limitations on seating capacity in our reopened dining rooms has resulted in significantly reduced traffic in our restaurants.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have tightly managed expenses while taking steps to secure our liquidity position. See the subsection below entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources” for further details.
Key Performance Indicators
Key measures that we use in evaluating our restaurants and assessing our business include the following:
•Average restaurant unit volumes—average sales (excluding gift card breakage) per restaurant to measure changes in consumer traffic, pricing and development of the brand;
•Comparable restaurant sales—year-over-year comparison of sales volumes (excluding gift card breakage) for Company-owned restaurants that are open 18 months or more in order to remove the impact of new restaurant openings in comparing the operations of existing restaurants;
•System-wide sales—total restaurant sales volume for all Company-owned and franchise restaurants, regardless of ownership, to interpret the overall health of our brands;
•Restaurant-level operating margin, (Loss) income from operations, Net (loss) income and Diluted (loss) earnings per share—financial measures utilized to evaluate our operating performance.
Restaurant-level operating margin is widely regarded in the industry as a useful metric to evaluate restaurant level operating efficiency and performance of ongoing restaurant-level operations, and we use it for these purposes, overall and particularly within our two segments. Our restaurant-level operating margin is expressed as the percentage of our Restaurant sales that Food and beverage costs, Labor and other related and Other restaurant operating expense (including advertising expenses) represent, in each case as such items are reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. The following categories of our revenue and operating expenses are not included in restaurant-level operating margin because we do not consider them reflective of operating performance at the restaurant-level within a period:
(i)Franchise and other revenues which are earned primarily from franchise royalties and other non-food and beverage revenue streams, such as rental and sublease income.
(ii)Depreciation and amortization which, although substantially all is related to restaurant-level assets, represent historical sunk costs rather than cash outlays for the restaurants.
(iii)General and administrative expense which includes primarily non-restaurant-level costs associated with support of the restaurants and other activities at our corporate offices.
(iv)Asset impairment charges and restaurant closing costs which are not reflective of ongoing restaurant performance in a period.
Restaurant-level operating margin excludes various expenses, as discussed above, that are essential to support the operations of our restaurants and may materially impact our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. As a result, restaurant-level operating margin is not
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - Continued
indicative of our consolidated results of operations and is presented exclusively as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, net (loss) income or (loss) income from operations. In addition, our presentation of restaurant operating margin may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies in our industry;
•Adjusted restaurant-level operating margin, Adjusted (loss) income from operations, Adjusted net (loss) income and Adjusted diluted (loss) earnings per share—non-GAAP financial measures utilized to evaluate our operating performance, which definitions, usefulness and reconciliations are described in more detail in the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below; and
•Consumer satisfaction scores—measurement of our consumers’ experiences in a variety of key areas.
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - Continued
Selected Operating Data
The table below presents the number of our restaurants in operation as of the periods indicated:
|DECEMBER 27, 2020||DECEMBER 29, 2019|
|Number of restaurants (at end of the period):|
|Carrabba’s Italian Grill|
|Fleming’s Prime Steakhouse & Wine Bar|
|Company-owned (1)||5 ||4 |
|U.S. total||1,181 ||1,218 |
|Outback Steakhouse - Brazil (2)||109 ||99 |
|Other (3)||33 ||29 |
|Outback Steakhouse—South Korea (3)||95 ||72 |
|Other (1)||56 ||55 |
|International total||293 ||255 |
(1)U.S. Company-owned and International Franchised Other each include three and two fast-casual Aussie Grill locations as of December 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019, respectively.
(2)The restaurant counts for Brazil are reported as of November 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to correspond with the balance sheet dates of this subsidiary.
(3)As of December 27, 2020, we had 20 international dark kitchens that offer delivery only. One of these locations was included within Company-owned Other and 19 were included in Franchised Outback Steakhouse - South Korea.
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - Continued
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth the percentages of certain items in our Consolidated Statements of Operations in relation to Total revenues or Restaurant sales for the periods indicated:
|Restaurant sales||99.2 ||%||98.4 ||%|
|Franchise and other revenues||0.8 ||1.6 |
|Total revenues||100.0 ||100.0 |
|Costs and expenses|
|Food and beverage costs (1)||31.3 ||31.4 |
|Labor and other related (1)||32.0 ||29.6 |
|Other restaurant operating (1)||26.9 ||24.1 |
|Depreciation and amortization||5.7 ||4.8 |
|General and administrative ||8.0 ||6.6 |
|Provision for impaired assets and restaurant closings||2.4 ||0.2 |
|Total costs and expenses||105.5 ||95.4 |
|(Loss) income from operations||(5.5)||4.6 |
|Loss on modification of debt||(*)||— |
|Other income (expense), net||*||(*)|
|Interest expense, net||(2.1)||(1.2)|
|(Loss) income before (benefit) provision for income taxes||(7.6)||3.4 |
|(Benefit) provision for income taxes||(2.6)||0.2 |
|Net (loss) income||(5.0)||3.2 |
|Less: net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests||(*)||*|
Net (loss) income attributable to Bloomin’ Brands
(1)As a percentage of Restaurant sales.
*Less than 1/10th of one percent of Total revenues.
BLOOMIN’ BRANDS, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS - Continued
Following is a summary of the change in Restaurant sales for the period indicated:
|(dollars in millions)||2020|
|For fiscal year 2019||$||4,075.0 |
|Comparable restaurant sales (1)||(826.8)|
|Effect of foreign currency translation||(52.1)|
|Divestiture of restaurants through refranchising transactions||(11.2)|
|Restaurant openings (1)||25.8 |
|For fiscal year 2020||$||3,144.6 |
(1)Summation of quarterly changes for restaurant openings and comparable restaurant sales will not total to annual amounts as the restaurants that meet the definition of a comparable restaurant will differ each period based on when the restaurant opened.
The decrease in Restaurant sales in 2020 as compared to 2019 was primarily due to: (i) significantly lower comparable restaurant sales principally attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, (ii) the closure of 55 restaurants since December 30, 2018, (iii) the effect of foreign currency translation of the Brazilian Real relative to the U.S. dollar and (iv) domestic refranchising. The decrease in Restaurant sales was partially offset by the opening of 40 new restaurants not included in our comparable restaurant sales base.
Average Restaurant Unit Volumes and Operating Weeks
Following is a summary of the average restaurant unit volumes and operating weeks for the periods indicated:
|(dollars in thousands)||2020||2019|